The pear is a fruit that has expanded all over the world; it is consumed both fresh as cooked, and that is available all throughout the year.
There are multiple varieties cultivated, ranging in shape, size and colour.
Along with the European type of pear there is a near species, the Asian pear or nashi, scarcely known in Europe but widely spread in the Asian continent.
There are several foodstuffs processed from the pear, such as fruit salad, jam, liquor or juice.
The pear is widely spread in the world, as much in the N hemisphere as in the south. It is mainly cultivated in Asia, whose production accounts for more than 60% of the world production. In Spain, the consumption per person and year in 1988 was 7.9kg.
The pear has several medicinal properties thanks to its content in water and fiber; it is also rich in vitamins and minerals. It is suitable for purifying the organism and to clean the intestine. Moreover, it is a diuretic fruit and it supplies minerals to the organism.