Lima Bean

Lima bean is a tropical and subtropical legume cultivated for its edible seeds. Lima bean is a herbaceous plant with two main types of growth habit. The perennial form is an indeterminate, vigorous, climbing and trailing plant, while the annual lima bean is a pseudo-determinate, bushy plant with both terminal and axillary flowering.

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Lima bean is a tropical and subtropical legume cultivated for its edible seeds. Lima bean is a herbaceous plant with two main types of growth habit. The perennial form is an indeterminate, vigorous, climbing and trailing plant, up to 2-6 m tall, with axillary flowering only. It has swollen and fleshy roots up to 2 m long. Annual lima bean is a pseudo-determinate, bushy plant, 0.3-0.9 m tall with both terminal and axillary flowering. It has thin roots. The stems may be up to 4.5-8 m long. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate with ovate leaflets. Inflorescences are 15 cm long and bear 24 white or violet bisexual flowers. The fruits are 5-12 cm long, dehiscent pods with 2 to 4 seeds. Seeds are very variable in size, shape and colour. Cultivar groups have been distinguished according to seed differences (Baudoin, 2006).

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